Photo: Finnish Antarctic Research Program
About Finland’s National Antarctic Program
COMNAP representative (MNAP): Mika Kalakoski, Development Manager
(DMNAP): Priit Tisler
The Finnish Antarctic Research Program (FINNARP) is operated under the Finnish Meteorological Institute. FINNARP’s main responsibilities are to carry out Finnish Antarctic research activities in accordance with the Finnish Antarctic Strategy, maintain the Finnish research station Aboa, arrange the field research and supervise to ensure that national and international legislation and obligations are complied with in the Antarctica.
The aim of Finnish Antarctic research is to practice Antarctic research primarily in scientifically outstanding and topical fields in which Finland has high-quality know-how and in which the research is also adequately connected to issues and research pertaining to the Arctic.
Organizational Structure of the Finland National Antarctic Program
The authority responsible for Finnish Antarctic research is the Ministry of Education. The Ministry sets up the Antarctic Coordination Group, the purpose of which is to promote the cooperation of different authorities, to establish the priorities for Finnish Antarctic research and to supervise the logistics of expeditions to the Antarctic. The Academy of Finland is mainly responsible for the financing of Antarctic research projects.
The Finnish Antarctic projects are funded in four year periods. All the projects are internationally evaluated. The total budget for science in the four year period is EUR 2.5 million. For science support and logistics the permanent yearly budget is 890 000 €.
Our Science Program
FINNARP coordinates co-operation in scientific support and logistics with other national operators. The Finnish scientists co-operate with several national Antarctic programs in different Antarctic stations and on research vessels. Finnish Antarctic research has focused on marine and structural technology, meteorology, marine biology, geology and geophysics. Due to the international co-operation, Finnish Antarctic research has expanded to all parts of Antarctica.
FINNARP Expeditions, 1988 through 2012
Parachute drop operation for fuel supply for Aboa and Wasa research stations. Major supply shipment. Arrangements for waste transportation. Maintenance of automatic stations: seismometer, GPS, two weather stations and snow cover thermo profile station. Launching of controlled meteorological balloons.
GPS and gravity measurements. Maintenance of automatic stations: seismometer, GPS and two weather stations.
Meteorological measurements on radiation, turbulence and UAV. Snow line measurements and supraglacial lake studies. Maintenance of automatic stations: seismometer, GPS and two weather stations.
Fuel supply by parachute drop operation. Evolution on snow cover. Antarctic aerosols. Antarctic meteorology. Maintenance of automatic stations: seismometer, GPS and two weather stations.
Aboa Station Maintenance. Maintenance of automatic weather station (AWS Milos 500), seismometer and GPS.
Antarctic Meteorology, Antarctic aerosols, Geological research in Vestfjella and Heimefrontfjella mountains. Supporting Swedish MARA vertical wind measurements. Maintenance of automatic weather station (AWS Milos 500), seismometer and GPS.
Antarctic Meteorology, Paleoclimate studies on blue ice fields with ground penetrating radar (Svea-field station), Antarctic aerosols. Installation of automatic seismometer for year round studies. Maintenance of automatic weather station (AWS Milos 500) and GPS.
Logistical expedition. Maintenance of automatic weather station (AWS Milos 500) and GPS. Geodetic studies: Gravity campaign.
Seasonal snow in Antarctica project. Antarctic aerosols. Maintenance of automatic weather station (AWS Milos 500) and GPS.
Seasonal snow in Antarctica project. Paleoclimate studies on blue ice fields with ground penetrating radar (Svea-field station). GPS- and gravity measurements. Installation of automatic weather station (Milos 500). Building of wind generator system.
Restoration and rebuilding of Aboa research station. Geological research in Vestfjella and Heimefrontfjella mountains. Installation of permanent automatic GPS-station and geodetic studies.
Logistical expedition (building project, environmental evaluation, diesel and vehicle overhaul). GPS-measuments for geodetic purposes.
Paleoclimatological, geophysical and atmospherical research and geological research in the areas surrounding Aboa. Gravity measurements.
Paleoclimatological, geophysical and atmospherical research and geological research in the areas surrounding Aboa.
Geophysical, physical and geological research in the surroundings of Aboa. Marine research on the South-African research vessel S.A Agulhas.
Marine research in the Weddell Sea on R/V Aranda.
Geological and meteorological research in Aboa. Marine research in the Antarctic Ocean.
Antarctic marine research in the Weddell Sea.
Antarctic marine research in the Weddell Sea. Geological and physical research in Aboa. Ozone research in Marambio.
Research in meteorology, geology and physics in Aboa. Marine research on R/V Aranda. Medical and logistical research.
Building of the Research Station Aboa. Marine research on board R/V Stena Arctica. Geological research on the Australian research station Davis. Finnish Meteorological Institute started ozone research in cooperation with the Meteorological Institute of Argentina in Marambio on the Antarctic peninsula 1988.
The research station Aboa
The Finnish Antarctic research station Aboa was built in 1988, and it is situated 130 km from the shore in the nunatak Basen in the Vestfjella Mountains, in the Queen Maud Land. Finland has collaboration efforts with Sweden. The Swedish research station, Wasa, is located only 200 m from Aboa, together the two stations form the Nordenskiöld Base Camp. The stations cooperate both in logistics, particularly in transport.
Aboa was enlarged and renovated during the summer 02-03. New block for sauna and bathroom and new block for radio room and a room for station manager were built and also one new block for all the necessary technics was added to the main station. The kitchen was renovated and most of the electricity systems were rebuilt so that the station can be run by big accumulators via inverters if necessary. Also two new accommodation containers were built, mainly for the scientists so that they can work and live two in one container. Also a new biological grey water purification plant was built.
Aboa is now designed to provide for expeditions sized from about 12 even to 18 persons. The station consists of a main building, 2 laboratory containers, 3 containers for accommodation, one of which being medical doctor’s container that also can accommodate one patient if necessary.
The research station is occupied during the Antarctic summer only when there is mid-winter on the northern hemisphere. At that time of the year the conditions are most suitable for research activity, air temperature being approximately minus 0-25 °C.
Our Contact Details
FINNARP / Finnish Meteorological Institute
Erik Palménin aukio 1
Telephone: +358 9 1929 2126